UNESWA biologists discover a new bat species in Mozambique
Bats represent about 22% of all mammalian species, and there are currently 1421 recognized species of bats worldwide.
Thursday, August 20th , 2020 Eswatini, Africa – A new study recently published in the scientific journal Acta Chiropterologica, authored by Professor Ara Monadjem from the Department of Biological Sciences, University of Eswatini (UNESWA) together with international collaborators: Jen Guyton, Piotr Naskrecki, Leigh R. Richards, Anna S. Kropff, and Desire L. Dalton has described a new bat species in southern Africa. Named Miniopterus wilsoni, after the famous biologist and ardent supporter of biodiversity conservation Prof. E. O. Wilson, this new species occurs on Mount Gorongosa in Mozambique and in the mountains of central and northern Mozambique and southern Malawi.
“This is another exciting discovery of a new mammal species from Africa”,” says Prof. Monadjem, who lead the study. “Thanks to advances in molecular biology, we are able to recognize new species that are often difficult to distinguish based on their appearance alone.” The molecular aspects of the work were conducted by Prof. Desire Dalton from the South African National Biodiversity Institution in Pretoria, who is also a Research Associate at UNESWA.
Bats provide important ecosystem services, such as pollination, seed dispersal, and pest control. They show high species diversity and interesting patterns of endemism, making them a group of particular conservation concern, useful for setting conservation priorities. This new species was collected as part of the E.O. Wilson Lab’s ongoing biodiversity exploration in the Greater Gorongosa Ecosystem.
Bats represent about 22% of all mammalian species, and there are currently 1421 recognized species of bats worldwide. This study brings the bat species count for Mozambique to 73. These discoveries add to the already remarkable diversity and complexity of the Gorongosa ecosystem, which suffered near-total declines of large mammals during the Mozambican civil war. Recently, Gorongosa scientists have discovered that the park and its surrounding areas boast a particularly rich bat fauna as well. The authors of this paper are thus confident that Mozambique will continue to produce new bat species in the near future. Indeed, Prof. Monadjem described another new species of bat Miniopterus mossambicus from Mozambique in 2013, which is in the same genus as this current new bat species.
“This study highlights the importance of continuing with baseline biodiversity surveys in Africa”, says Prof. Monadjem. “Africa still remains the least studied continent with respect to bats and other small mammals, and new species will continue to be described over the next decade at least.” Prof. Monadjem has been working on surveying remote locations across the African continent and has described more than a dozen new species of bats and one rodent.
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