University of Eswatini

URC Editorial Policies

URC Editorial Policies

UREJ Editorial Policy


The UNESWA Research Journal is a publication of the University of Eswatini and it appears twice a year, in June and December. It is intended primarily as a forum for publishing work in the areas of Commerce, Education, Humanities and Social Science. Manuscripts should be clearly written in English and, by and large, will fall into one of the following categories:

  • Original research, both empirical and theoretical
  • Analysis of problems or phenomenon that need to be researched
  • Accounts of professional practice
  • Policy papers
  • Comment on any topical issues of concern to Eswatini
  • Book reviews


The membership of the Editorial Board consists of:

    1. An Editor
    2. Deputy Editor
    3. One representative from the Faculties of Commerce, Education, Humanities, Social Science, Institute of Distance Education and the Library.
    4. The Director of UNESWA Research Centre
    5. A Secretary

Besides above members, there are four additional members of the Editorial Board, who are appointed from Universities in Africa; one each from Northern, Southern, Western and Eastern Africa. It is essentially to enhance the image of the Journal internationally and also to improve the quality and scope of the reviewers of manuscripts; and by extension, the quality of published papers, thus making the Journal competitive. The primary functions of these members are to review manuscripts, assist in identifying reviewers, and to receive and forward manuscripts from outside Eswatini to the Secretariat of the Editorial Board. These members are appointed by the Vice Chancellor on the advice of the Editorial Board.


Manuscripts should be sent to The Secretary, UNESWA Research Journal, University of Eswatini Research Centre, P. O. Luyengo, Eswatini. The cover of the paper should indicate the author’s name, title (Prof., Dr., Mrs., Ms.), position, department, institution and email address.

Submission of an article is taken to imply that it has not been published elsewhere nor considered for publication elsewhere

Since the Journal employs computerized typesetting, submissions should be made using MS-Word, and accompanied by a printout. Articles should be typed, double-spaced, with an ample margin on A4 paper; they should have a maximum length of 20 pages including references and appendices. Book reviews should not usually exceed 1 000 words. An abstract of 100 words or less, in italics, summarizing the main points, should accompany the typescript. Endnotes (for supplementary comments) should be typed at the end of the text; footnotes are not employed. Tables should be typed at the appropriate place in the text; figures should be submitted on separate sheets, done in black ink on white paper and ready for camera production. The style to be followed is that of Hart’s Rules for Composition and Readers. Authors wishing to consult this manual should contact the Editorial Secretary. Figures based on empirical data should be accompanied by the data tables from which they originated.

References should be indicated in the text by giving the author’s name with year of publication (in brackets) and page number(s) when direct quotation is made. At the end of the paper the references should be listed (without numbering) alphabetically according to the first author’s name, as in the examples below:

Crush, J. (1986). Colonial coercion and the Swazi tax revolt of 1903-07. In Daniel, J.
and Stevens, M. (eds.), Historical perspectives on the political economy of
Swaziland, Social Science Research Unit, University of Swaziland, Kwaluseni,

Dumane, M. and Saunders, P. (1974). Lithoko, Sotho praise poems. Oxford University Press,

Hopkins, A. (1973). An economic history of West Africa. Longmans, London.

Nyeko, B. (1976). Pre-nationalist resistance to colonial rule: Swaziland on the eve of the
imposition of British administration. Trans-African Journal of History, Vol. 5,

Manuscripts, which do not comply with these requirements, will be returned to the authors.

UNISWA Research Centre - UREJAST Editorial Policy

History of the journal

UNESWA Research Journal of Agriculture, Science and Technology (UREJAST) was established by the UNISWA Research Board of the University of Swaziland, with the objective of providing a forum for addressing, in an integrated manner, all aspects of agriculture, science and technology. The journal is an offspring of the UNESWA Research Journal, which was established in 1988, and had, by 1995, published nine volumes that focussed on one particular discipline, from time to time. In mid-1995, the UNISWA Research Board decided that the UNISWA Research Journal be split into two independent journals, one focussing on agriculture, science and technology, and the other, on the humanities, social science, commerce, and education. That is how UREJAST was born.

Aim and scope of UREJAST
The UREJAST publishes results of original research, or continuation of previous studies that are reproducible. Review articles, short communications and accounts of new experimental techniques, and methods in experimentation are also published.

Submission of manuscripts
Because the journal employs a computerised system of typesetting, submissions should be made electronically (as email attachments) using Microsoft Office Word, or other IBM-compatible word-processing programmes. Prospective contributors to the journal are advised to consult a recent (from June 2006) volume of the journal, and strictly adhere to the recommended writing style and format of the journal. Manuscripts should be emailed to:

UREJAST review process
The journal maintains email contact with several reviewers, and subject-matter specialists, in all areas of agriculture, science and technology, not only in Swaziland, but overseas as well. All submitted papers undergo a peer-review process. Typically, when a manuscript is received, it is quickly assessed regarding compliance with the journal style and format. A manuscript that does not conform to the expected style and format is returned to the author. A manuscript that conforms to the expected style and format is acknowledged, given a reference number, and thereafter, sent to two (sometimes, three) anonymous reviewers. As a strict policy, a “two-way, blind-review” is carried out, meaning that the reviewer does not know who the author of a manuscript is, and the author does not know who the reviewer is. This is done to discourage any bias, or favouritism, in the reviewing process. As a UNESWA Research Board policy, UREJAST does not remunerate its reviewers; UREJAST does not impose any page charges on authors.

As each reviewer’s report is received, it is sent to the authors for revision. Suitably revised versions (followed by some in-house editing, if necessary) are considered by the Editorial Board at its meetings, and a decision is made to accept or reject the manuscript. Accepted manuscripts are sent to the printer. When the galley proofs are received from the printer, they are immediately sent to the author to check for errors. Minimal modifications should be made on the galley proof, otherwise, an author maybe surcharged.

UREJAST Editorial board membership
The Editorial Board of UREJAST consists of five persons: the Editor and Chairman, one representative each from the three Faculties of Agriculture, Health Sciences and Science, and the Secretary of the Editorial Board and secretary of UREJAST (the Director of the UNESWA Research Centre, usually a professor). In attendance in all meetings, is the Assistant Registrar (Publications), who is the secretary of the UNESWA Research Board, the sponsor of the journal. All editorial board members are appointed by the Vice-Chancellor, on the recommendation of the Technical Advisory Committee of the UNESWA Research Board.

As a forward-looking journal of the 21st century, UREJAST welcomes manuscripts from all authors, in any area of Agriculture, Science and Technology.